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Carriers - Universal, Bren and Loyd PDF Print E-mail
Written by David Boyd   
Wednesday, 31 December 2008 15:38

Carriers

A Bren Carrier

A Bren Carrier

 A Bren Carrier

Carriers were an instrumental part of the British army throughout the Second World War, they were used for just about everything, towing, transporting personnel/ammunition, scouting, mortar/flame thrower carriers, machine gun carriers. Before the war there were several types of Carrier - Bren, Scout, Machine gun and it was realised that a single model would be more beneficial and so the Universal Carrier entered production at he start of 1940. Over 68,000 of these vehicles were produced by the United Kingdom alone with easily another 50,000 being produced by the Commonwealth and USA making it one of the most produced AFVs of all time.
 
Name Loyd TPC Universal Carrier Mk I Universal Carrier Mk II Universal Carrier Mk III Carrier. 3" Mortar Mk I Carrier MMG Mk I/II
Type Carrier  Carrier Carrier Carrier Carrier Carrier
              
Max Crew 9 3 4 4 5 4
             
Length  13'-11" 12'-8" 12'-8" 12'-8" 11'-10.75" 11'-10.75"
Width 6'-9.5" 6'-1.15" 6'-1.15" 6'-1.15" 6'-1.15" 6'-11.5"
Width (over sandshields) 7'-4.75"          
Height 4'-7.75" 5'-4" 5'-4" 5'-4" 5'-4" 6'
             
Max Weight 4.35 tons 4.01 tons 4.22 tons 4.22 tons 4.24 tons 4.11 tons
Ground pressure 6.93lb/" 8.37 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.6
Ground clearance 8" 8" 8" 8" 8" 8"
             
Track type Cast Cast Cast Cast Cast Cast
No per track 189 187 187 187 187 187
Weight of one Track 672lb 595lb 595lb 595lb 595lb 595lb
Track width 9.5" 9.5" 9.5" 9.5" 9.5" 9.5"
             
Engine Ford Detroit Ford Detroit Ford Detroit Ford Detroit Ford Detroit Ford Detroit
B.H.P/Ton 18.4 19.9 18.9 18.9 18.9 19.5
Max road speed (mph) 29.8 29.25 29.25 29.25 29.25 29.25
Average road speed 22.86 26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1
Cross Country Speed 8.28 16 16 16 16 16
Gear box type Clash Engagement Clash Engagement Clash Engagement Clash Engagement Clash Engagement Clash Engagement
Gears 4 Forward 1 Reverse 4 Forward 1 Reverse 4 Forward 1 Reverse 4 Forward 1 Reverse 4 Forward 1 Reverse 4 Forward 1 Reverse
              
             
Fuel consumption (road) – MPG 6.36 6.67 6.67 6.67 6.67 6.67
Fuel consumption (cross country) 2.32 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Petrol 22 21.875 21.875 21.875 21.875 21.875
Radius of action (road) 140 146 146 146 146 146
Radius of action (cross country) 51 85 85 85 85 85
Trench Crossing            
Vertical obstacle            
Fording height 3' 3' 3' 3' 3' 3'
Gradient   25.5 25.5 25.5 25.5 25.5
             
             
Armour (in mm)            
             
Lower Hull Nose 7 7 7 7 7 7
Upper Hull Nose 7 5 5 5 5 5
Hull Front 7 10 10 10 10 10
Hull Sides Upper 7 7 7 7 7 7
Hull Sides Lower 7 7 7 7 7 7
Hull Rear Lower   5 5 7 5 5
Hull Rear Upper   7 7 7 7 7
Hull Floor 3.175(MS) 3 3 7 3 3

Production of Carriers by year (UK Only) 

  Pre-War Sep-Dec 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945(End of May)
Carriers Bren/Scout 1,769 576 1 - - - - -
Carriers Loyd - - 184 611 2,389 4,448 9,224 46
Carriers Universal - - 4,991 7,424 11,182 11,683 7,744 1,430
O.P. Carrier - - 205 698 1,859 2,415 1 -

 

 

Last Updated on Wednesday, 31 December 2008 17:32
 
Comments (2)
bren carrier
1 Wednesday, 04 May 2011 20:44
arie
hi,
i just find this site, as i was looking for info about this vehicle I am in a process of retoring one from 1944. would love to make a contact with other people who restored this kind of vehicle.
thanks
arie
butchathome
2 Friday, 02 September 2011 04:45
Andrew Lewis
Searched web for long time where can I get production blueprints for the universal Mk II carrier

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